Fundamental principles of bhaishajya kalpana. The word Bhaishajya Kalpana is composed of two words – Bhaishajya and Kalpana. The word. Bhaishjya kalpana deals with the Basic Ayurvedic pharmaceutics. •The first systematic knowledge of Bhaishajya Kalpana is found in Caraka. Doctor of Medicine in Rasashastra & Bhaishajya Kalpana (Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacy) is Non – Clinical course. Keeping with tradition, the course.

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Water, Cow’s urine, oil, and ghee are some of the media used for mixing.


The medicated oil generally will have the colour, odor and taste of the ingredients used. Mahisaksha Guggulu is dark greenish brown and Kanaka Guggulu is yellowish brown in color.

Where there are a number of drugs in yoga, the drugs are separately powdered and sieved.

Many a times the substance may contain more than one therapeutically useful constituent. In Ayurvedic Formulary of India which can be considered as an authentic source book- twenty one type of drug formulations have been mentioned.

Influence of season and place of collection In one of the studies it has kalpaha shown that season of collection of raw drugs can influence the expression of pharmacological activity Sridhara Bairy, Ayurvedic pharmaceutics, Bhaisajya Kalpanaa, Pancavidha Kasaaya, Ayurvedic bhaisajya Traditional systems of medicine.

The paste is then rolled into a bolus which is wrapped in the coverings of leaves. The paaka is categorized in to mridu soft – if the paste is waxy when rolled between fingers, madhyama moderate if the paste is hard and fires without cracking noise when put in to fire and khara hard if it burns with cracking sound when placed in fire.

It is then removed from the hearth and allowed to cool.

Bhakshajya clearly indicates that the ancient masters were aware of the existence of individual differences in the manifestation of disease and response to therapy. Coga KusmaandAsparagus racemosus Willd. Drugs mentioned in a particular Yoga formulation are cleaned and dried properly.


It was observed that samples collected during September produced better anti-inflammatory activity in comparison to samples collected bhaushajya other seasons. Many a times the place or source of materials especially of adjuvants and vehicles is not specified.

Information related to these preparations would be discussed in another review which is under preparation. It should not adhere together or become moist. But four, eight and sixteen parts of water is added to soft, hard and very hard plant material respectively for the decoction to be used as base material for preparation of medicated oil or ghee.

The Ayurvedic Formulary of India. Thus great research and development efforts are required to optimize the formulation aspects to ensure constant availability of standardized products bhaoshajya constancy of composition and efficacy. Medium cooking stage oil is used for enema and oral administration.

Sugar or jaggery and kalpan choorna of other medicinal plants as required along with a natural ferment are added to these two liquids and they are left in a closed container till the fermentation is completed. The authors of such works have categorized the drugs in different manners. Sometimes the plant parts may not be containing enough moisture to obtain the juice by applying mechanical pressure.

The kalapna of mud and leaves are then removed and the bolus is taken out. It is obtained by boiling the finely powdered plant material in required quantity of water till all the active ingredients are extracted completely in the water.

Plant, animal or mineral product in whatever nature they may be bhxishajya can be hardly used as a drug in their natural form. As described above every substance in the Universe possesses a potential to become a kalpqna. Varti, netrabindu and anjana – these are medicinal preparations meant for external application to the eyes.

The useful plant parts leaf, stem, fruit or whole plant etc. This can be achieved through specific processing. Comparative Pharmaco-clinical study on Panchtikta ghrita prepared by different methods in Ekakustha Psoriasis M. In a study carried out by Sudhir Joshi – Yastimadhu Glycyrrhiza lalpana Linn was administered in three formulation forms and subjected to comparative evaluation.


The ratio of the ingredients, unless specified otherwise, is oil four part, kalka- one part and liquid sixteen parts however, there are several exceptions.

Bhaishajya Kalpanaa – The Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics – An Overview

If the changes are made the impact of such changes should be assessed by undertaking comparative pharmacological studies. The mixture is then filtered through a four layered muslin cloth.

Mineral and metallic preparations last indefinitely. It acquires the consistency of a thick paste. When more than one liquid is mentioned for grinding, they are used in succession.

GuduciHolarrhena antidysenterica Linn. In addition to the above discussed formulation types there are other purely mineral based formulations like kupipakwa rasaayana, parpati, pisti, bhasma etc. Similarly, use of an unknown drug may also prove injurious to the health of the patient. Bhaishajay detailed bhaishajay of different stable dosage forms is given by the classics. Nature of the raw material: However, two of the varieties, namely Mahisa a ksha and Kanaka Guggulu are usually preferred for medicinal preparations.

Shri Ayurved Mahavidyalaya

This indicates drug preparation and processing methods can influence expression of pharmacological activity. Due to space constraint it is not possible to give full description of all these forms. The powder should be fine at least of 80 mesh sieves.

The second treatment method includes use of drug therapy or non-drug therapeutic measures such as regulation of life style, diet management, fasting etc.

Dissertation submitted to Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar. Thus the type of pharmaceutical processing depends on following factors: The finely ground bolus is then collected and is mechanically squeezed to extract as much juice as possible.

The finer the powder, the better is its therapeutic value.

Different procedures are adopted to prepare a dosage form, which is stable for a longer period. Severity of the disease invites use of concentrated drug forms.