Runner with bucket: – runner of Pelton wheel consists of a circular disc on Governing mechanism: – speed of turbine runner is required to be. This speed should also conforms to the power supply frequency. So this mechanism acts as a speed governing mechanism of Pelton wheel. Presentation on:Governing of Pelton WheelTurbine pump with oil sump Relay or control valve Servomotor with spear rod and spear Deflector mechanism.

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Presentation on:Governing of Pelton WheelTurbine – ppt video online download

Therefore in order to have constant speed of generator ,governing of turbine is required to maintain the constant speed of turbine with respect to load. C engine Cylinder Piston Connecting rod.

The flow of water in side channel is either used as a cannel or it meets to river. The piston of the servomotor moves to the right pushing the spear forward. For this reason, the system requires an oil sump to store the oil and an oil pump to regulate the oil supply in the mechanism.

Peak load plants The plants used to supply the peak load of the system corresponding to the load curve are called peak load plants.

Governing of Pelton Turbine.doc

This sudden rise of pressure in penstock known as water hammering. It is the graphical representation between discharge and flow with time. No control on flow of water.

Share buttons are a little bit lower. The forward motion of the spear reduces the opening of the nozzle.


We need your help to maintenance this website. It discharge the overflow water to downstream side when the reservoir is full. This results in an oscillating condition where by the turbine is constantly speeding up and slowing down.

Presentation on:Governing of Pelton WheelTurbine

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. This radial flow acts on the runner vanes, causing the runner to spin. The plants are located that the water is taken from the river directly, and no pondage or storage is possible.

Guide vanes direct the water tangentially to the runner. The water turbines are simple in construction, highly efficient in operation, easily controllable and pick up the load in a short time.

Report “Governing of Pelton Turbine. It will simultaneously more the spear valve to the left and increase the area of flow through the nozzle. The movement of bell crank lever brings the deflector in front of the jet. Power is proportional to angular speed. It is also called as control valve or distributor valve. Servomotor piston moves to the left pushing the oil in the less side to the oil sump.

It is directly connected to the piston of relay cylinder Governor and linkages: Hydroelectric turbines rotate at relatively low speeds compared to steam turbines, with larger hydroelectric turbines rotating at rpm, and smaller ones as fast as rpm. Vertical bell shaped draft tube: It is driven by the turbine shaft through bevel gears. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system.


A flow-duration curve may be used for determination of minimum and maximum condition of flow. It receives the pressurized oil from pump which is diverted towards the ports connected to pipe A or pipe B.

This inefficient power production, although difficult to quantify, leads to loss in revenue for the utility.

These generators are required to run at constant speed irrespective of variations in the head and power output. In other words it is study of hydrological cycle, in which the water rises by evaporation from sea, is carried over land, where it falls as precipitation and then rises again by evaporation or transpiration or flows back to sea. Furthermore, if this oscillation exceeds the maximum allowable frequency, then the turbine must be shut down, resulting in temporary loss of generating production.

Published by Mervyn Oliver Modified over 2 years ago. Total volume of discharge upto any time, given by the area under the curve upto the time. Space between guide vanes will increase in one direction of rotation of regulating ring and space will decrease in its peltoh direction of rotation.

Hydropower Engineering – ppt video online download

Such plants are called the Run-off river plants without pondage. Published by Valerie Posy Martin Modified over 3 years ago. It can be seen by this mechanism, the linear motion of servomotor piston is converted into rotary motion of regulating ring.